AGRICULTURE & ENVIRONMENT
TERDS, Osian has organised Awareness programmes cultivation of Medicinal Plants Cultivation
in this year Such as Sonamukhi , Amla , Ashvagandha, safed musli etc.in villages
Nevra Road, Cherai, Thob, Pandit Ji Ki Dhani. Many farmers were encouraged to adopt
medicinal plants cultivation specially the sonamukhi. Sonamukhi, Casia Angustifolia,
is a medicinal herb mainly used as laxative or anti- constipation purposes. This
crop suits the desert climate and is best suited to drought prone areas. Our society
is helping people to adopt its cultivation to improve their economy. Society itself
is aware of the need of era of globalisation which creates many opportunities for
Indian economy in the field of medicinal and herbs cultivation.
Seed Distribution of Sonamukhi (a Medicinal plant) TERDS, Osian distributed
Sonamukhi seeds to selected 40 farmers. These farmers grew up this crop and were
benefited in a way to become motivating personality for the cultivation of sonamukhi
crop for the region. This has brought very imazing results. Farmers took keen interest
in the cultivation of sonamukhi and were benefited economically as well as morally.
Horticulture plants and their economic benefits: TERDS, Osian has prepared
horticulture plants beds and prepared them for plantation in the region. In the
months of July and August 2009 these plants were distributed and planted in the
region. We have organized Awareness Programmes in villages Nevra Road, Cherai, Thob,
Pandit Ji Ki Dhani This year. In these awareness programmes farmers were encouraged
to grow horticulture plants with a theme to improve heath of the farmers by adding
fruits in their diet as well as to improve their economic status so that more and
more farmers must develop a natural interest to horticulture plantation suitable
for the region.The work area of TERDS, Osian is a sandy and desert land. There is
always a scarcity of rain and water. It faces severe droughts year after year. TERDS
Osian , is insisting the people, farmers to plant horticulture plants like amla,
Ber, Lemon, Anar etc.
Training for Quality Consciousness and Value Addition of Sonamukhi crop:TERDS
Osian has organized quality consciousness programmes in the month of October 2009
and Februry 2010 to train the farmers sowing sonamukhi crop to improve the quality
of their produce and retain the senocide contents as per the international demands
with certain precautions while cultivation, harvesting and post harvesting, storage.
Model Sonamukhi Farm: TERDS, Osian has helped with all its collective efforts
to set up herbal Sonamukhi farms which act as model farms for training of the people
to adopt cultivation of sonamukhi along with training them with pre harvesting and
post harvesting technique awareness campaign for medicinal plants in the Model Farm.
Awareness of traditional Medicinal Herbs being used:Western Rajasthan is
blessed with many Herbs and plants, which are used by local Vaidhyas to treat
people suffering from some common diseases. TERDS, Osian Organized Awareness programs
for the people to identify, collect and preserve the medicinal herbs in the months
June , July, August 2007. This region is blessed with many naturally occurring herbs,
which are of great importance to cure many diseases, if proper awareness is spread
among the people. This is motivating the people to collect, store and sell the herbs.
Animal's Health: Animal husbandry is one of the most important livelihood
options of the people here. But compared to the population of animals, vet nary
facilities are not adequate and not reachable because of the location of dhanis
in distant and remote areas, which makes it more difficult access to such facilities.
Also, lack of knowledge and awareness about the diseases found in animals and their
nutrient requirement causes heavy losses to the people in terms of productivity
and benefits of the cattle.
Agriculture Information Centre: Our agriculture team is always engaged in
providing the information about soil treatment, drip irrigation, horticulture etc
and is creating awareness about organic farming and new technology in the target
areas. TERDS, Osian considers the urgent need of improvements and developments in
the agricultural sector as it is the chief employment to for livelihood in the rural
area. This region is drought prone desert area and TERDS, Osian wish to motivate
the people to adopt the changes in the crop patterns and up gradation of the necessary
technology for increasing production with improved quality to get best possible
use of the available resources. Our Agricultural information center performs the
following tasks with the help of Department of Agriculture, State of Rajasthan,
CAZRI, AFRI, National Medicinal Plants Board, state medicinal plants board, Rajasthan,
Other NGOs, testing Laboratories, Exporters & other global institutions and multinationals
- To study the soil and underground type
- To train people to adopt the crops according to their soil and water quality.
- To introduce the new medicinal crops and spices.
- To convey the various govt schemes on the cultivation, harvesting, storage of the
spices and other crops.
- The study the market demand – production patterns and guide the farmers accordingly.
- To make the farmers aware through audio-visual methods.
- Perform other activities in the adjoining rural regions with the help of animators
of the society and to promote cultivation of medicinal herbs in the drought prone
- To help farmers and buyers by providing a platform, by organizing seminars, workshops
etc. Helps the people to obtain the products of naturally available trees in the
- To assist farmers to get better prices to the farmers and to make videos for the
training of farmers.
Tree Plantation: TERDS, Osian distributed plants to volunteers for their
plantation. These plants were prepared in the nursery of Sansthan. TERDS,Osian is
encouraging people to plant more and more desert plants which are economical to
them such as Kher, Kumat , Khejri, Babul,Rahira Trees etc. TERDS, Osian has been
making people aware of the attack of termites on their plants. This activity is
unique in respect of the fact that the above mentioned trees and plants provide
regular income in terms of dry vegetables, gum and fodder to the animals.
Campaign for Protection of Khejari, State-tree , Treatment of Khejari
with CAZRI : TERDS ,Osian carried out campaign for protection of naturally grown
tree of vital importance to desert life with Jal Grahan Vikas Sansthan ,Osian-I
and India Vision 2020 society, Jodhpur.
Seminar on Gum obtaining from Kummat, Training on Gum obtaining from Kummat with
CAZARI : Our volunteers helped people in getting increased amount of Natural
Gum from a tree called Kummat in the desert. This project has helped the people
to get a constant economy.
Nursery Developed under guidance of CAZRI
Conservation of wild life: This region of THAR desert is Blessed with a variety
of Wild life such as various species of deers, chinkara, neelgaya, peacock, birds
etc. TERDS, Osian spread the awareness about the arrangement of water and grains
for bird by insisting people to hang water pots on the trees and keep some water
in the small open water containers in their fields for the wild animals as scarcity
of water remains the chief danger to the wild life. TERDS, Osian convened Quiz programmes
among the students with a vision to create interest among the students about importance
of wild life to the ecological balance, so that they can playa vital role in conservation
of forest life. Also the society distributed prizes to the persons adopting best
methods in the conservation of wild life.
Nursery Developed under guidance of CAZRI
Controlling the pollution: Society is well conscious about the drastic problem
of increasing pollution and its consequences and health hazards. Society stressed
upon the adoption of smokeless chullahas by arrangement of demonstration of preparation
of such chuliahas. It organized polythene collection campaign in which many volunteers
participated. Society demonstrated to farmers to minimize the pollution caused by
the pesticides used in the fields.
Awareness for Rain Water Harvesting and Watershed development (sharing techniques
and motivating construction of structures in the fields to stop chaotic flow of
rain water and to get best use of it.) TERDS is devoted to the drastic requirement
of the age i.e. water particularly in Thar Desert. It has organized awareness programs
to motivate the people’s participation in rain water harvesting. Future Planning:
TERDS, Osian is going to explore rainwater harvesting with a different model of
farm pond to enhance cultivation of fruit and vegetable plants to uplift economic
status of the rural people.
Campaign for cleaning of Traditional Water Reservoirs: TERDS, Osian team
organized campaign for regular cleaning of the water reservoirs Such as Nadi , talab,
bawadi ,jahar etc in villages Nevra Road, Cherai, Thob, Pandit Ji Ki Dhani. It has
created a feeling among the people that water conservation is one of the drastic
requirements of the age. TERDS has been able to create a sense of public responsibility
among the people of the reason about management of traditional water reservoirs.
Our team with volunteers cleaned two village ponds in Basani and dhundharia village.
Rain Water Harvesting Pond of a farmer in Osian motivated by TERDS
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